Get ready: Australia will impress you!
The largest country in Oceania is one of the favorite destinations of exchange students looking to get to know a new culture,but with a taste for a family atmosphere. The former British colony is considered one of the richest nations in the world, reference in quality of life: it takes silver medal, occupying the second place, in the un human development ranking and is the sixth best country on the list of the Global Prosperity Index, made by the Legatum Institute. Moreover, the climate is somewhat similar to that of Brazil, with defined but mild seasons, not as extreme as those in the northern hemisphere. Now, imagine a nice climate, paradisiacal beaches, a relaxed and welcoming people: it is a destination for travelers no put defect.
Come and learn more about what Australia has to offer you.
Australia is the largest island in the world – although it is located on the smallest continent. The country’s population is almost 25 million inhabitants and about 60% are concentrated around the state continental capitals: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and Darwin. Its capital is Canberra,located in the Australian Capital Territory.
The English language is the official language of the country, the result of British colonization, and the currency is the Australian dollar.
Australia is known worldwide for its welcoming culture and high receptivity of the natives, this explains why about 47%, almost half of the Australian population, is made up of foreigners or people who have a father or mother born abroad.
With a developed, technologically advanced and industrialised economy, Australia has been experiencing continued economicgrowth, without recession for almost three decades and with one of the most stable and reliable economic environments in the world. In addition, the country has one of the lowest levels of unemployment in the world and has excellent results in many international comparations of national performances, such as health, life expectancy, quality of life, human development, public education, economic freedom, as well as the protection of civil liberties and political rights.
Australian cities are also often cited among the highest in the world in terms of liveability, cultural supply and quality of life. According to a survey by The Economist’s Intelligence unit, four Australian cities are among the top ten in the world in terms of quality of life. With grades ranging from 0 to 100, 100 being the ideal city, they are: in 1st place, Melbourne, with 97.5 points; 5th Adelaide, with 96.6 points; Sydney is in 7th place with 96.1 points; and 9th place, Perth, with 95.9 points.
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Australia is one of the most sought after destinations for students (behind Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland) who wish to spend a season abroad to improve English. Among the main reasons is the possibility of working while studying.
The country also has universities that make up the list of the 50 best in the world, in the areas of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Biosciences and Agriculture, Clinical Medicine, Pharmacy and Physics.
Moreover, the quality of education in the country is undeniable. In addition, the government guarantees the quality of teaching through the monitoring of classes, learning, administration and research areas of each of the institutions. There are their own rules in the country to ensure the high standard of education and preserve the rights of international students, such as the Law of Educational Services for Foreign Students and the National Code of Good Practices for Registration Authorities and Providers of Education and Training for Foreign Students. Both provide nationally homogeneous standards for education and training providers for foreign students.
And for those students who intend to immigrate later to the country, studying on Australian soil is undoubtedly another relevant differential. As the immigration process is built gradually, it is never too early to start qualifying.
WORK: Know that Australia has a great advantage that few countries offer students of language courses: the possibility to work legally during their studies in the country. This opportunity is one of the differentials of the country and mobilizes many students when choosing the destination of the exchange. Working during the exchange allows you to earn enough money to pay for your cost of living, leisure and even those who know how to collect a large amount.
Most students get part-time jobs at some point in their studies in the country. The most common jobs are as waiter, painter, cleaning assistant, nanny, gardener, in hospitality, sales, computers, restaurants, supermarkets, fruit picking. They are jobs that do not require much qualification, but you can apply for any job, just meet the requirements. But, of course, the more qualified the job, the more imperative that you speak English fluently. Therefore, the importance of mastering the language.
Then, with the most fluent English and some experience in the country, you can even try something that has to do with what you were doing in Brazil.
Students of English Courses, Technical Courses and University Undergraduate or Graduate Courses can work 20 hours per week during the study period, and unlimited hours during the course holidays. Students of postgraduate university courses involving scientific research, such as Masters and Doctorates, can work unlimited hours throughout the visa period. In the case of dependents (spouse and children), the work permit is the same as that of the student.
If the student completes a university course in the country and wishes to extend their stay, they can still earn an additional work visa after graduation. For bachelor’s degree, it’s two more years; master’s degrees, three years; and doctorates may be worth another four years of work visa.
In addition to being one of the countries that leads the world development ranking, Australia has one of the highest minimum wages in the world, of A$ 18.29 per hour, since July 2017.
VISA: Unless you hold New Zealand citizenship, you will need a visa to enter Australia.
A tourist visa is for people who visit Australia for holidays, take sightseeing, visit relatives and friends or for another short-term purpose and other than work. The visa may be granted with one or multiple entries to stay in the country for up to three months at each entry, subject to immigration criteria.
With this visa, you can study English for up to 12 weeks, with a weekly workload of 15 to 30 hours. The processing time of the visa is approximately 30 days.
PLEASE NOTE: The Tourist Visa does NOT allow the applicant to work, under any circumstances, or study for more than 12 weeks.
The student visa, as the name suggests, is intended for exchange students who wish to study in Australia. It is necessary to have this visa for enrollment in courses of 14 weeks or more and with a weekly workload of at least 20 hours. It is suggested application of the visa at least 60 days before the date of travel.
To obtain the visa, students need to prove financial availability of AU$ 1750 for each month of study, through statements on their behalf or from their sponsor – who will finance the costs of the trip. For student visas it will be necessary to schedule exams in clinics of medical patients, which are subject to additional costs, but this after the consulate requests.
The renewal of the student visa, when necessary, is done directly in Australia, in the responsible immigration agencies. There is also the possibility of including several courses in the same visa, for the entire period of stay – Pathway.
In Australia, students usually get four weeks of vacation after the course closes. For courses that last 24 weeks, they generally allow four weeks of vacation, in the interval of 12 weeks. These must be requested in advance and included in the CoE – Confirmation of Enrolment which is sent by the school for visa purposes.
For the issuance of any visa for entry into Australia, it is necessary that the traveler has given the yellow fever vaccine and obtains an international certificate from the health surveillance at the airport. The vaccine must be made at least 10 days in advance.
Australia has a pleasant climate most of the year, but due to its continental size, this may vary. In general, northern states generally have warm weather most of the time, while southern states have colder winters.
The country has one of the lowest rainfall in the world, with an average of 600 mm of rainfall per year. The predominance of the sun is great for those who want to have fun catching waves, strolling on the beaches or even enjoying the various tourist attractions of the country.
The country has the seasons similar to those of Brazil and other countries in the southern hemisphere. This item, in particular, is what brings hundreds of Brazilians to Aussie lands every year: the climate similar to home and the mildest temperatures than those in the northern hemisphere. But it is good to remember that, like Brazil, the country is very extensive, so there may be variations.
A tip for those visiting Aussie lands is to follow the Australian weather website, one of the most visited in the country. The BOM (available www.bom.gov.au) hardly misses a prediction. A curiosity is that they have three definitions of rain: the “showers”, which as the name says, are rainy or isolated rains; the “rain” means it will rain for real, probably everywhere in the city; and the “hail” which means you must prepare and seek shelter because it comes storm and can rain ice balls the size of tennis.
When to go
Because of the immensity of Australian territory it is easy to see that any time of the year is appropriate to be in a certain place: if it is too cold in the south, it will be a propitious time in the northern territories.
An important tip, and that goes for all of Australia’s most sought after destinations, is to stay tuned for high seasons and school holidays. In these periods prices tend to rise considerably.
In Australia, the peak of high season is summer, which occurs between December and February. Winter – from June to August – is considered a low season for tourists, but it is also the best time to visit the northern and extreme territories of Western Australia.
Are we going to know a little bit about the history of the country?
Australia is a country characterized by its multiculturalism, but it is wrong who thinks this is the fruit only of globalization. At the beginning of European colonization, there were already about 500 tribes of local indigenous peoples scattered throughout the region, which spoke 300 different dialects, with approximately 175,000 Aborigines in total. According to the researchers, these peoples already inhabited the region, which is now Australia, for about 60,000 years before the arrival of Europeans.
Despite being sighted by Portuguese and Spanish during the great sailings, having received sporadic visits from northern fishermen and the European discovery by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia was only invaded in 1770, when The English captain James Cook was sent to investigate the land hitherto devalued and held the English flag, claiming the eastern part, on a land that gave the name of New South Wales. The colonization of the country began in 1788, when England decided to make the new land a penal colony, sending to that region prisoners with sentences of more than 7 years.
This was the case, with the sending of the first fleet of approximately 1300 people, that in 1788 the first colony was founded, where today is located the city of Sydney.
By 1835, English prisoners were no longer sent to Australia. The condemned who were there had already served their sentences and to these were destined a piece of land for him to live on it.
And the country’s fame being a destination for adventurers is nothing new. Around 1850 the country became the destination of people seeking to explore the country, mainly Chinese, because in several regions gold mines were discovered.
Australia became part of the British Community in 1901, when it came to have a federative and parliamentary structure. The country’s independence occurred in 1942, although the king or queen of England was still still regarded as formal head of state. These lações were definitively cut only in 1986, with the legislative and legal independence of the country, just over 30 years ago.
TOURISM: Traveling to the other side of the world requires, at the very least, that you enjoy local tourism. And when we talk about a continental-sized country like Australia, we know that there are many tourist attractions. Aussie lands will surely amaze you, in particular, by its paradisiacal landscapes.
Brazil and Australia have a lot in common: gigantic countries, where traveling means traveling long distances, facing very varied climates, full of natural beauties, breathtaking beaches and tanned people. However, despite the similarities, our different settlements – British and Portuguese – are responsible for very marked differences between the two countries. People don’t drink on the beach in Australia, or make noise on the street after 10pm because it’s not allowed. In addition, in Australia you use the left hand of direction. For a number of details like these, it’s always interesting to find out about the destination before you travel.
It is also important to point out that Brazilians need to have a prior visa to tourist on Aussie lands. Be aware of the deadlines, as the visa must be applied for before landing in Australia and the processing time of the tourist visa is on average 30 days. You can check more information about this subject in the “Visa” tab.
Australia has some of the most beautiful landscapes in the world, which are practically mandatory for those visiting the country. After all, you don’t go through the world and you stop knowing everything that’s possible, do you?
The Great Barrier Reef
One of Australia’s most amazing and famous places should surely be on its list of must-see attractions: the Great Barrier Reef. At 2,300 kilometres long and up to 250 kilometres wide on some stretches, the Great Barrier Reef offers plenty of opportunities to enjoy it: you can fly over this coastal region in Queensland or include the boat ride on your trip. Certainly, this tour will guarantee you more than spectacular photos, it is a magical memory for life. One tip to be taken into consideration is to invest a little more money to go beyond the most common extent of the tours: some parts of the barrier are very visited and run the risk of being degraded, as in Cairns and Port Douglas, two famous spots. Stay tuned for the weather: sunny days are the best for getting to know the Great Barrier Reef and enjoying the scenery. There are also tour packages offering diving and more than one day of visitation.
Kakadu National Park
One of Australia’s most incredible parks, considered one of the Unesco World Heritage Sites, holds an important part of Aussie history. Kakadu is home to one of the world’s largest concentrations and Aboriginal rock carvings up to 50,000 years old. They are prints of animals, hunters and Dreamtime figures,as well as shelves, tools made of stone, esmeris, rock carvings and ochre for ceremonial paint. In this immense area that is the largest park in Australia, aborigines still live that, for more than 10,000 years, preserve the place and its diversity of animals. A quarter of all freshwater fish species in Australia and more than a third of Australian birds can be found in Kakadu. Waterfalls, rocky cavities, sparkling waters, sandstone cliffs, lotus flowers, tour of the East Alligator and Yellow Water rivers… Kakadu is amazing and can’t stay out of his script.
Many people mistakenly believe that because Sydney is Australia’s most populous city, it is also its capital (in fact, Australia’s capital is Canberra).
The city boasts some of the country’s most famous sights and therefore certainly deserves a few days of travel to see places like SydneyOpera House, Sydney Aquarium (with approximately 13,000 animals), the Powerhouse Museum (Australia’s largest and most famous museum), and the Sydney Tower (250 m high tower and 360° view of the city).
On-call adventurers, on the other hand, can’t miss climbing the SydneyHarbour Bridge,a unique experience on one of Australia’s top postcards. The guided tour of sydney’s mountains is also a hit among many audiences, regardless of age.
It is difficult to describe this place living up to what it means, mainly, for what it offers to fans of water sports. The islands have a stunning look and much of this is due to the Great Barrier Reef. Diving, climbing, water skiing, fishing are examples of what to do in the Whitsundays. Nor could we mention that it is in this place that is one of the most visited beaches in Australia, Whitehaven. And there’s plenty of attractions for travelers: with busy, vibrant nights and breathtaking daytime attractions such as Humpback whale watching tours, Crocodile Safari and Ocean Rafting.
Australia’s second largest city and also one of the country’s main cultural hubs is rich in theatres, concert venues, cafes, bars, sports, great restaurants… Melbourne’s best cosmopolitan attractionsbring together walks through its beautiful alleyways, watching football and cricket matches(Melbourne Cricket Ground of the Australian Football League and hisense arena),contemplating architecture and history in buildings such as Royal Exhibition Building,Saint Patrick’s Cathedral, Melbourne Museum, Flinders Street Station, Manchester Unity Building. Drive through Federation Square,through the bohemian st Kilda district,shop at Queen Victoria Market,cycle and walk in the Royal Botanic Gardens and the Kings. Each season, these locations accumulate attractions and present many new features to Australians and tourists. Enjoying the cuisine and wines is also a great option.
In the heart of Australia’s Red Desert, with a unique beauty and strong meaning about the spirituality and history of Australian ancestors, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park cannot be left out of your travel itinerary.
Regarded as a World Heritage Site in Australia, the park is a mix of very interesting attractions that include a cultural centre, workshops with Aboriginal works and the majestic sunrise and sunset in the red landscape. To get the most out of the tour in this region, prefer the company of an Aboriginal guide and learn about the ancient traditions, legends, and stories of Dream Time. One of the strongest beliefs of Uluru’s traditional guardians, the Anangu, is that this landscape was created by their ancestors in the early days, so they have protected these sacred lands ever since.
Maybe you didn’t know exactly where it was, but you’ve certainly heard of it. Tasmania was marked in the memory of many people thanks to a famous cartoon character. But make no mistake, the region offers much more to explore than just the Tasmanian devil. Wines with labels applauded among the greatest sommeliers can be sampled on a tour of The Tasmania Wines Valleybrook. The wild nature attracts tourists who find a mild climate, beautiful preserved beaches, as well as lakes, forests and tasmania’s 17 national parks.
The island boasts one of the most beautiful beaches in the world, Wineglass Bay. Its sapphire and white sand waters make it an attractive destination for many honeymooners, as well as being a beach where people fish, sail and practice water sports.
Extend the tour a bit and enjoy the attractions of the east coast: unique experiences such as getting to know Maria Island,exploring the forest of Douglas-Apsley National Park, climbing the Hazard mountain range… Tasmania’s attractions will surely make you want to return to the country.
- Australia is famous for kangaroos, but the country is also home to the world’s largest herd of camels. There are about 750,000 camels loose in the country that cause serious problems to residents. Imported from Arabia, India and Afghanistan in the 19th century to transport cargo and heavy work inside, when the combustion engine emerged, the camels lost their jobs.
- Australia’s end-to-end size is equal to the distance between London and Moscow.
- The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure in the world and can be seen from space.
- The emergency number for police, ambulance and/or fire brigade is 000.
- The electric current is 220 – 240 volts, CA 50Hz. Australian three-pin sockets are different from some other countries, so you may need an adapter.
- The country code for Australia is 61. Local calls from public telephones have no time limit and cost AUD$ 0.050. Cell phone, long distance and international calls usually have a time limit. Mobile phone network coverage is available throughout Australia, however coverage may be limited in some remote areas. Internet access is widely available in internet cafes, lodgings and libraries.